The copying lathe is a machining machine, that type of turnstile which, through the use of a hydraulic and electronic device, allows the turning of parts until reaching a replica of them. This is achieved through the use of a template that facilitates the turning of the part according to its own characteristics.
The copying lathes They are used for turning pieces with different scales of diameters, previously forged and/or cast and that have little surplus material. They are also used in works with wood and works with artistic marble, as they are very useful for finishing on this material, such as in the work with decorative columns.
The copying lathes modern allow to vary the speed of rotation of the head and also the advance of the tool-carrier carriage. Likewise, these sophisticated copying lathes have more than one blade and, by being able to pass the element to be turned more than once, they are able to carry out the finishing and roughing work without having to remove the part from the machine, which can save us time. and effort. All these concepts are previously programmed in the machine management control.
How a copying lathe works
The operation of a copying lathe It basically consists of the action of a very sensitive tracer that follows the contour of the mother piece, transmitting its movement by a hydraulic or magnetic mechanism to a carriage that has independent mobility. Generally the copier system is not attached to the turnstile, but rather it is a device that can be placed or not on it. In the same way, in the market we can find copiers that can be adapted to any turnstile of precision to thus transform it into a copying lathe. The preparation of the mechanism of a copying lathe it is more than simple, so these machines are very useful when we want to machine batches of parts that are not very large.
The technology of machining copying lathes is similar to the others. You only need to have a tool that allows easy chip evacuation, as well as a lubrication and cooling system.
Example of a lathe in artisanal use to differentiate from the copying lathe: