Saber saws have been the ideal alternative to handsaws when cutting materials quickly and efficiently. Being a power tool and a cutting tool at the same time, the use of the saber saw represents a set of risks that must be considered during the process of its use.
We have already covered in other publications the details about a saber saw, its types, functions and how to select the most suitable one according to the work to be done. In this publication, we will talk about the preventive measures that must be implemented to work safely and efficiently with this type of manual tool.
Risks in the use of the saber saw
There are various risks to which the user is exposed when carrying out work with this work instrument. The most common are:
- Wounds from cuts and amputations.
- Sprains or strains.
- Ear involvement.
- Eye injuries.
- Respiratory and lung injuries.
- In stone cutting or masonry work that contains silica (silicon oxide), the user could suffer from silicosis, which could be fatal.
Safety measures in the use of a saber saw
During the use of this cutting tool Several preventive actions must be taken into account and put into practice that will allow a job to be carried out safely and correctly.
Before using the tool
- You must carefully and carefully read the manual that comes with the saber saw before using it for the first time.
- The physical integrity of the tool. You must check that the alignment of the moving parts is in perfect condition, that there are no deteriorated or broken parts, validate that the gearing of the parts is adequate, that the protection parts are in excellent condition. Any part that shows any damage must be repaired or replaced by authorized and trained personnel.
- You must make sure that the on/off switch of the saber saw be in optimal condition.
- Check the electrical cables of the toolIf they are damaged, they must be repaired or replaced immediately.
- In case you need the use of an extension cable, you must use one with a sufficient caliber to support the electrical current that the work instrument consumes.
- Check that the cutting blade is sharp, clean, oiled and that it does not show any damage.
- You must use the appropriate personal protective equipment. This consists of safety glasses with side shields, face shield or dust mask, hearing protection, safety helmet, and safety boots.
- Remove any nails or other objects embedded in the workpiece.
- The work area must be clear, clean, tidy and dry. It must also have adequate lighting, and must be free of explosive or flammable substances.
- The saber saw must be insulated on both sides, or have a three-prong plug for connection to a grounded outlet
- The plug of the tool must correspond to the outlet used. The plug must not be modified under any circumstances.
- Adapters must not be used with electric tools that have a ground connection.
- Choose the most suitable blade for the material to be processed. Disconnect the machine from the electrical current before changing the blade.
- You must ensure that the blade of the saw is not in contact with any object before turning it on.
While using the tool
- Do not wear jewelry, loose clothing, or loose hair.
- Use the tool solely to perform the task for which it was designed.
- Use clamps or any other device to firmly secure the workpiece to a secure surface.
- You should never hold the clipping piece with your hands, feet, or against your body.
- hold the saber saw with both hands firmly, by the handle or handle of the tool. There are models that have an insulated grip, which protects the user against possible electrical shocks.
- Disconnect the work tool from the power source or battery before changing accessories or making adjustments.
- Keep everyone away from the work area while the saw be in operation.
- Dry cutting of stone and masonry is not recommended. Wet cutting is the best option in these cases.
- You should never use the power cord to hang, carry or unplug the tool.
- Take care to keep the power cord away from heat, oils, sharp moving parts, and the cutting blade of the saw while in operation.
- If you need to work outdoors, only use extension cords approved for outdoor use.
- You must prevent your body from coming into contact with grounded parts such as radiators, pipes, refrigerators, and ranges.
- never expose the saber saw to rain or snow. Also do not expose it to any other type of liquid.
- Do not use the tool when you are tired, have used medication, alcohol or drugs.
- You must ensure that the ignition device is turned off before connecting the tool to the electrical current or to the battery. You should also check this, before transporting it.
- Be careful not to take a position that tires your body. Keep your feet firmly on the ground and keep your body balanced at all times.
- If possible, use vacuuming or dust collection equipment. Make sure they are connected and used correctly.
- You must keep your hands away from the cutting area. You should never place your hand below the material to be cut.
- If you must make cuts above the level of your head, pay attention to your surroundings and the fall of the cut pieces.
- Take care not to cut areas where cables, water or gas lines pass.
- In case of cutting pipes or conduits, verify that they are free of electrical cables, water, etc.
- You should never use the saber saw no shoe
- You must verify that the blade extends beyond the piece to be cut and the shoe.
- You must not use the tool pressing the shoe adjustment button.
- the shoe of the machine It must be held firmly against the piece to be cut. This will eliminate skipping or chattering and reduce possible blade breakage.
After use of the tool
- Avoid touching the workpiece and the blade just after the cut is complete. Both can present really high temperatures.
- After turning off the tool, you should stay away from it until the blade comes to a complete stop.
- Be sure to unplug the tool from the electrical current, before moving it anywhere.
- Save the saber saw in a safe place, out of the reach of children and people inexperienced in its use.
- Take care that only authorized personnel repair the tool, and only use original parts.
By implementing all these preventive measures you will be able to use the saber saw with a minimum level of risk.